Dream land of twitchers.
Calling all bird enthusiasts and twitchers!
If you’re looking for an unforgettable twitchers – birdwatching adventure, look no further than the tropical paradise of Sri Lanka. Nestled in the Indian Ocean just 10 degrees north of the equator, this enchanting island boasts an incredible diversity of natural habitats. From dense forests and sprawling grasslands to tranquil wetlands, vast seas, and fertile agricultural lands.
But the real star of the show here is the birds. With a mind-blowing 439 species to discover. This includes 236 breeding residents, 203 migratory visitors, and a few elusive vagrants. Sri Lanka is truly a birdwatcher’s paradise. And with 33 endemic species and 68 endemic subspecies making up 11% of the country’s bird population, you’ll be treated to some of the rarest and most unique avian life on the planet.
Just imagine spotting a dazzling array of endemics. From Fowls and Pigeons to Parrots and Parakeets, Malkohas and Coucals, Owls and Hornbills, Barbets and Magpies, Bulbuls and Warblers, Babblers and Thrushes, White-eyes and Mynahs, Starlings and Flycatchers, Flowerpeckers and more. And with expert guides to help you navigate the island’s lush landscapes. Here you’ll have an unforgettable experience that will stay with you for a lifetime.
So, Twitchers pack your binoculars and come join us in the birding wonderland of Sri Lanka!
Ideal Location of Sri Lanka
Did you know that Sri Lanka’s unique geographic location makes it an essential stopover for migratory birds? As the farthest southern point away from the south of India with no other landmass until the South Pole. Therefore Sri Lanka serves as a crucial wintering ground for a wide variety of feathered friends.
From majestic Openbills and Ibises to graceful Herons and Egrets, regal Pelicans, Comorants, Water-cocks, Swamphens, Waterhens, Stilts, Ducks, and Grebes, you’ll be treated to a spectacular array of migratory species. And after their long journey, these birds find respite and nourishment in Sri Lanka’s welcoming natural habitats.
Kumana National Park
Attention all bird watchers! If you’re looking for an avian adventure, make sure to add Kumana National Park in Sri Lanka to your must-visit list. This stunning park, located on the southeastern coast of Sri Lanka, is a haven for migratory waterfowl and wading birds.
With its close proximity to Yala National Park. Kumana offers visitors the chance to witness a diverse range of birds, from colourful parrots and parakeets to stately egrets and herons. And if you’re lucky, you might even catch sight of some of the park’s more elusive feathered residents. Including the rare black-necked stork or the magnificent white-bellied sea eagle.
Formerly known as Yala East National Park. Kumana has gained a reputation as one of the best birding destinations in Sri Lanka. And it’s not hard to see why – with its tranquil lagoons, lush forests, and pristine beaches, it’s the perfect habitat for a wide variety of bird species.
So grab your binoculars and make your way to Kumana National Park – you won’t be disappointed by the breathtaking sights and sounds of this birding paradise!
Bundala National Park
Nestled on Sri Lanka’s southern coast, Bundala National Park is a haven for migratory water birds, with the highlight being the majestic Greater Flamingo. As a designated Ramsar site and UNESCO biosphere reserve, Bundala boasts a diverse ecosystem and is home to 197 bird species. The park was originally established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1969, before being reclassified as a national park in 1993. Located 245 kilometres (152 mi) southeast of Colombo, Bundala is a must-visit destination for any avid birdwatcher looking to experience the beauty and diversity of Sri Lanka’s avian population.
Kaudulla National Park
Kaudulla National Park, a haven for nature enthusiasts and bird watchers alike. Designated as a national park on April 1, 2002. Kaudulla is home to an array of flora and fauna. Including large mammals, fish, and reptiles. Birdlife International has identified Kaudulla, along with Minneriya and Girithale, as an Important Bird Area, making it a prime location for bird watching. Once one of the 16 irrigation tanks built by King Mahasen, Kaudulla now attracts thousands of visitors each year, generating an income of Rs.100,000 from entrance fees during the 2004-2005 season.
Twitchers in Horton Plains
Horton Plains National Park, situated in the central highlands of Sri Lanka. It is a bird watcher’s paradise with a remarkable diversity of avian species. This park is designated as an Important Bird Area and is home to many species that are not only endemic to Sri Lanka but also restricted to the Horton Plains. The park’s unique montane grasslands and cloud forests provide a habitat for a wide variety of bird species. Including the Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush, Sri Lanka Bush Warbler, Dusky Blue Flycatcher, and Yellow-eared Bulbul. Therefore making it a must-visit destination for bird enthusiasts.
Between the coast and the Chillav to Puttalam railway line lies Anawilundawa wetland sanctuary, a true paradise for twitchers. The lush vegetation and waterlogged soil are home to a variety of bird species, making it a must-visit for any birder visiting Sri Lanka. With over 20,000 birds of 150 species recorded here, Anawilundawa is the second RAMSAR wetland site in the country. Waterfowl, including the Little Grebe, Lesser Whistling Duck, and the Cotton Teal, are abundant here, making it a great spot for water bird sightings.
During migration season, a diverse range of birds can be spotted feeding and breeding here. Keep an eye out for migrant birds such as the Sand-piper, Pintail, Garganey Common, and Pintail Snipe, which are seen seasonally. Other bird species to look out for include the Asian Open-bill and Little Cormorants, which nest in large numbers here. The water lilies and tall grass make for a stunning backdrop to the bird sightings. Twitchers, don’t forget your binoculars and camera when visiting this amazing wetland sanctuary!
Muthurajawela Marsh is a haven for nature enthusiasts and bird watchers alike. Situated in the southern part of Negombo in close proximity to Colombo. The boundaries of this vast and diverse ecosystem span from Negombo lagoon to Kelaniya River. Thus making it an important coastal ecosystem in Sri Lanka. Believed to have originated 7000 years ago. Muthurajawela is the largest saline peat bog on the island. In addition to this, it is home to a staggering number of flora and fauna, including 102 species of birds, 192 species of flora, and 209 species of fauna. Visitors can witness an abundance of water birds such as herons and egrets in the lagoon and marsh.
Additionally, Muthurajawela is home to 40 different species of fish, 15 of which are indigenous to the area. For the lucky few, the endangered nocturnal animal, the slender Loris, may be seen once in a blue moon. Whether you’re a seasoned birder or a nature enthusiast, Muthurajawela Marsh is not to be missed on your Sri Lankan journey.
The Knuckles mountain range, a distinctive ecosystem that stands out from the rest of the central hills, is a birdwatcher’s paradise. Stretching over a distance of about 12 miles. Knuckles offers a home to over 120 bird species, many of which are endemic to Sri Lanka. As a result, bird enthusiasts can spot unique species such as the yellow-fronted barbet, dusky-blue flycatcher, ceylon lorikeet, ceylon grackle, yellow-eared bulbul, and Layard’s parakeet.
Located about 25km east of Kandy. Knuckles provides an ideal location for bird watchers to get up close and personal with these beautiful creatures. The unique landscape of the mountain range offers an extraordinary opportunity to spot rare and fascinating birds. Thus making it an essential location for any bird enthusiast visiting Sri Lanka.
Whether it is spotting endemic species or observing migratory birds, the Knuckles mountain range has it all. Bird lovers can enjoy the beautiful scenery while keeping an eye out for the many different species that call this area home. The Knuckles mountain range is a must-visit location for twitchers who want to experience the unique ecosystem of Sri Lanka.
Kithulgala Forest Reserve
Beside the Kelani River, one of Sri Lanka’s longest rivers, lies the beautiful Kithulgala forest. A haven for bird watchers and nature enthusiasts alike. This secondary rainforest boasts a diverse range of flora and fauna, with a richness that is comparable to that of a primary forest.
For those who enjoy spotting mammals, Kithulgala forest is home to some fascinating species. Such as the Wild Boar, Toque Macaque, Purple Faced Leaf Monkey, and Barking Deer. However, it is the bird life that truly steals the show. With stunning species such as the Red Faced Malkoha, Ceylon Blue Magpie, Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher, Frog Mouth, and Layard’s Parakeet calling the forest home, there is always something new to see.
It’s worth noting that access to some of these parks may be limited to certain times of the year. Therefore be sure to plan ahead and check availability. Just let us know your requirements, and we’ll help you find the perfect time to visit and witness this breathtaking beauty.
We take care of all details for your visit. Whether you are a solo traveller, a couple on holiday or honeymoon, a group of friends or visitors seeking activity.
We can tailormake any tour for you, simply Contact Us for more information.
Even if you prefer the freedom of doing everything yourself then why not rent a tuktuk or scooter from us. You can have the peace of mind knowing that everything has been taken care off. So all you need to do is to put the petrol in and off you go and explore!