Vogelbeobachtungstouren

Sri Lanka ist eine Paradies für Vogelbeobachtung. Eine tropische Insel im Indischen Ozean, die 10 Grad nördlich des Äquators liegt und voll von unterschiedlichen und für Vögel bevorzugten klimatischen Bedingungen und natürliche Lebensräume wie Wälder, Buschlandschaften, Graslandschaften, Moore, Seen und Ackerlandschaften ist. Sri Lanka ist die Heimat von 439 Vogelarten, wobei 236 Arten dauerhaft hier leben und 203 Arten von Zugvögel, welche hier den Winter verbringen. Allein die Tatsache, dass es auf der geringen Größe des Landes 33 einheimische Arten von Vögeln und 68 einheimische Unterarten gibt, zeigt, dass Sri Lanka eines der besten Vogelbeobachtungsgebiete der Welt ist. Man kann unter anderen Arten wie den Blassbauchbülbül, den Zweigsänger, den Papageien, den Sittich, den Malkoha, den Spornkuckuck, die Eule, den Kautz, denNashornvogel, den Megalaimidae, die Elster, denDschungeldrossling, die Drossel, den Brillenvogel, den Mynah, den Star, die Taube, den Neuweltfliegenschnäpper, den Mistelfresser, den Feuerrückenspecht, den kleinen Raupenwürger, denDrongo und die Schwalbe sehen.
Zusätzlich kommen knapp über 200 Zugvögel vom Norden (wie Sibirien, Skandinavien, West Europa…) im August / September hier an und ziehen im April / Mai wieder weiter. Da Sri Lanka der südlichste Punkt von Indien ist und es kein Festland mehr bis zum Südpol gibt, endet für viele Zugvögel ihre lange Reise hier, wo sie ihr Winterquartier aufschlagen. Zu den Zugvögeln zählen unter anderen der Silberklaffschnabel, der Ibis, der Reiher, der Pelikan, der Kormoran, der Wasserhahn, das Purpurhuhn, die Weißbrust Kielralle, der Säbelschnäbler, die Ente und der Lappentaucher.

Das größte Vogelschutzgebiet ist im Kumana National Park, welcher zu den wichtigsten Brut- und Nestplätze der Vögel in Sri Lanka gehört. Der Bundala National Park im Süden ist ein Tipp vor allem für Zugvögel. Weitere Orten, an denen man Vögel beobachten kann ist dasKalametiya Vogel Schutzgebiet, der Sinharaja Regenwald, das Bodinagala Wald Reservat, das Peak Wildniss Schutzgebiet, das Kitulgala Wald Reservat, sowie der Yala, Wilpattu, Udawalawe, Wagamuwa, Minneriya und Horton Plains National Park mit seiner Vielzahl an Seen, Reservoirs, Lagunen, Mooren und Flüssen.

Kumana National Park

Kumana National Park Der Park befindet sich ca. 390km südöstlich von Colombo und berühmt für seine Avifauna, insbesondere für seine großen Schwärme an Zugwasservögel und Watvögel. Aus diesem Grund ist Kumana einer der wichtigsten Brutplätze in Sri Lanka. 255 Vogelarten wurden in dem Park gezählt. Während der Monate April bis Juli kommen zehntausende von Zugvögeln jährlich in den National Park.


Bundala National Park

Bundala National Park is an internationally important wintering ground for migratory water birds in Sri Lanka. Bundala harbors 197 species of Birds, the highlight being the Greater Flamingo, which migrate in large flocks. Bundala was designated a wildlife sanctuary in 1969 and redesignated to a national park on 4 January 1993. In 1991 Bundala became the first wetland to be declared as a Ramsar site in Sri Lanka. In 2005 the national park was designated as a biosphere reserve by UNESCO, the fourth biosphere reserve in Sri Lanka. The national park is situated 245 kilometres (152 mi) southeast of Colombo.


Kaudulla National Park

Kaudulla National Park is a national park on the island of Sri Lanka located 197 kilometres (122 mi) away from the largest city, Colombo. It was designated a national park on April 1, 2002 becoming the 15th such area on the island. In the 2004–2005 season more than 10,000 people visited the National Park, generating an income of Rs.100,000 from entrance fees.Along with Minneriya and Girithale BirdLife International have identified Kaudulla as an Important Bird Area. Historically Kaudulla was one of the 16 irrigation tanks built by King Mahasen. Following a period of abandonment it was reconstructed in 1959. It now attracts and supports a variety of plant and animal life, including large mammals, fish and reptiles.


Horton Plains

Horton Plains National Park is an Important Bird Area with many species not only endemic to Sri Lanka but restricted to the Horton Plains.


Anawilundawa

Anawilundawa wetland sanctuary is located between the coast and the Chillav – Puttalam railway line of the North-Western province of Sri Lanka and covers an extent of 1400hectares. Anawilundawa is the second RAMSAR wetland site in Sri Lanka and has proudly recorded the sighting of more than 20, 000 birds of 150 species! Anawilundawa is marshy and packed with luscious vegetation. Water lilies such as Olu and Manel crowd the water-logged soil which is surrounded by tall grass with patches of thick forest growing here and there. It is one of the finest wetlands in the island for sighting water birds. During the migration season, a large variety of birds can be seen using this area as feeding ground as well as breeding ground. An abundant number of Waterfowl are found here including the Little Grebe, Lesser Whistling Duck and the Cotton Teal. Migrant birds like the Sand-piper, Pintail, Garganey Common and Pintail Snipe are seen seasonally. In addition to these water birds, large numbers of Asian Open-bill and Little Cormorants alsonest here.


Muthurajawela Marsh

Muthurajawela Marsh is situated towards the southern part of Negombo. The boundaries span from Negombo lagoon (which also helps to create a costal eco system) and Kelaniya River situated at the northern tip of Colombo. Muthurajawela is in close proximity to Colombo.Muthurajawela Marsh is said to be the island’s largest saline peat bog. It is believed to have originated about 7000 years ago. There are some residuals which extend up to 500 years towards the history from now. Muthurajawela bears staggering species of flora and fauna. Numerically 192 flora and 209 fauna,excluding 102 species of birds have been discovered. Some indigenous floras and faunas have also been found in Muthurajawela marsh. Visitors may see water birds such as herons, egrets in abundance in the lagoon and the marsh. It is also a residence for 40 different species of fish, of which 15 falls under the category of indigenous fauna. The nocturnal animal, slender Loris, which is believed to be endangered, can be seen once in a blue moon


Knuckles Range

Lying 25km east of the city of Kandy, the Knuckles mountain range exists as a unique ecosystem separate from the rest of the central hills. Covering a distance of about 12 miles Knuckles extends roughly from the northwest to the southwest of Sri Lanka. Over 120 bird species recorded here include many endemic ones including the yellow-fronted barbet, dusky-blue flycatcher, ceylon lorikeet, ceylon grackle, yellow-eared bulbul and Layard’s parakeet.


Kithulgala Forest Reserve

The Kithulgala forest is a secondary rain forest situated beside the Kelani River, one of our longest rivers. There is a tributary flowing through the forest to this river. The forest reserve has a high biodiversity. Though it is mostly secondary forest, it’s faunal and floral diversity is very similar to a primary forest. Wild boar, Toque Macaque, Purple faced leaf monkey, and Barking deer are some of the interesting mammal species. Among the interesting bird species Red faced Malkoha, Ceylon Blue Magpie, Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher, Frog Mouth and Layard’s Parakeet are outstanding

Some of these parks are not opened all the year, and some have seasons to visit if you are targeting for bird watching, so let us know your requirements , we will let you know the availability.

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